In the early 1980s, the Kingston and Arthur's Vale Historic Area (KAVHA) site was listed by the National Trust (NSW) and included on the Register of the National Estate. In 2003, KAVHA was listed on the Norfolk Island Heritage Register and on Australia's National Heritage List in 2007.
In 2010, KAVHA was inscribed on the World Heritage List as one of eleven historic sites that together form the Australian Convict Sites World Heritage Property.
The Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities has overall responsibility for the management of the site, supported by the department’s Heritage Manager and guided by the KAVHA Advisory Committee. The KAVHA Community Advisory Group also provides input on conservation and tourism activities at KAVHA. The Norfolk Island Regional Council provides services at the site under an agreement with the Australian Government.
The KAVHA Heritage Management Plan (2016) establishes strategic principles for conservation and protection of the outstanding universal value and other heritage values of KAVHA. It also supports the Australian Government to meet its statutory obligations under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act).
Further information on the management of KAVHA is available from the department.